A puppy throwing up around your home is never a good thing to deal with, but it is an issue you cannot ignore. When a puppy vomits, it can be a scary situation. You may not know what to do or what is causing your puppy to throw up. Sometimes this is a serious issue; other times your puppy may just need time to adjust and get her stomach settled.

We want you to have the information you need to provide your puppy with the best possible care. We have discovered some ways to help soothe a puppy's stomach until you can get him in to see a professional if the vomiting does not stop. This article will help you learn more about why your puppy may be throwing up and help this pet through a rough time. When you have the information needed on a puppy throwing up, you can feel more confident about being able to handle the situation at hand.

Symptoms & Cause of a Puppy Throwing Up

The number-one symptom of a puppy throwing up is... Surprise! You either see it happen or find the evidence on your floor, carpet, bed or other furniture. A puppy throwing up is one of the biggest reasons people call and visit their vets. Knowing the cause of a puppy throwing up can be hard since there are so many possibilities. When you notice your puppy throwing up, what should you look for and consider?

Factors to Consider with a Puppy Throwing Up

  • How often is the puppy throwing up?
  • How much is coming up each time?
  • Does he/she seem to be acting differently from normal?
  • Is there anything unusual your puppy may have ingested?
  • Do you notice anything obvious or out of the ordinary in the vomit?
  • Any other symptoms accompanying the vomiting?
  • How is your puppy's diet? Has she been eating? Have you changed her food lately?

What Might Cause My Puppy to Throw up?

puppy

Knowing what might cause a puppy to throw up is always good to know. You not only want to keep a positive mindset about your pet's health, but solving the problem of a puppy throwing up will be a big relief in several ways.

Here are some of the more common reasons a puppy might throw up, with emphasis on some unlikely but very serious possibilities:

  • Intestinal parasites
  • An obstruction in the intestinal tract
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Dietary changes 
  • Viral infections
  • Kidney failure
  • Bloat
  • Medications 
  • Post-operative nausea and vomiting 
  • Liver or gallbladder complications
  • Bacterial infections 
  • Heat stroke
  • Car sickness
  • Other sickness or disease-related illnesses

If vomiting continues, it is essential for the puppy throwing up be assessed by a medical professional to find out the cause of the vomiting. If his vomiting is severe or violent, then it may not be something you can let go for an extended period. That may be a real cause for concern.

Do the Following if Your Puppy is Throwing Up

puppy being held in the arms

It is important that you perform certain steps to find out why you have a puppy throwing up. This informal checklist will give you an idea of why they might be vomiting and what might need to be done to fix the problem. Having an idea can put your mind at ease and help you take the best course of action to fix the situation.

Hopefully, you'll have your little puppy feeling better once again very soon. Start with some of these steps:

  1. Check that all chew toys and other items are intact and accounted for. Also, check for any small items missing throughout the home that the puppy may have swallowed. If you suspect that something may have been swallowed, you should have x-rays done as soon as possible to rule out the possibility of something stuck in the intestinal tract of the puppy, as this requires immediate attention.
  2. If your dog does not have a known medical condition, such as diabetes, you can try removing all food for 24 hours to see if the vomiting subsides. 
  3. Check your dog's gums for color. The paler her gums are, the more serious the condition may be. When a puppy's gums are very pale, it is time to speak with a vet to find out what's going on. 
  4. Try removing any water from the areas they can access for about 12 hours. Give your puppy's stomach and systems time to adjust, and then reintroduce water slowly.
  5. Introduce a bland diet of boiled chicken and rice if the above has worked after 24 hours. This may help soothe the stomach, but it also gives the puppy some substance and nutrition until she can hold regular food down again.
  6. Check that your puppy is having normal bowel movements because not doing so can be a sign of an obstruction in the bowels. Vomiting along with this symptom is real cause for concern.
  7. If you notice a loss of appetite, weight loss or lethargy in your puppy, you should call your vet as soon as possible, especially if you have done the above steps and your puppy is no better.

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How to Prevent

There are ways to prevent a puppy from throwing up. Depending on the specific cause, though, just addressing the symptom that is troublesome will not be enough. It is always wise to exercise caution when taking care of a puppy so he gets the best care and you do not have to worry about the puppy throwing up unnecessarily. Good policies include:

  • Keeping your dog well away from items he shouldn't have
  • Keeping all toxic substances out of reach 
  • Slowing down a puppy who bolts his food too quickly
  • Rationing the puppy's food so she eats the recommended amount at reasonable intervals
  • Considering a change of diet or ask your veterinarian for a recommended diet
  • Getting the puppy de-wormed and checked for other parasites
  • Making sure your puppy is up to date on all vaccinations
  • Treating any motion sickness the puppy may have
  • Determining if the puppy is truly ill and should see the vet

Prevention is key to keeping your puppy happy and healthy. By eliminating any risks that might cause the puppy to throw up or become sick, you're ultimately keeping them safe. However, unfortunate things do happen and it is important to know the signs and symptoms and know when to take your pet to a veterinary professional. Knowing what to expect puts you in the best position to take care of your little new companion.

When a Vet Visit Is Necessary

puppy being carried by a woman

It is crucial to know when you should see a vet because something is going seriously wrong with your puppy. It is important to make this decision before the situation becomes too much to handle. Consider the following list of tips when deciding if a vet is necessary for treating the puppy throwing up. These signs mean it is time to reach out to a veterinarian and seek their advice because the vomiting has gotten out of control and needs to be assessed:

  1. When a dog is retching but not bringing anything up, it may be different from the "dry heaves" that humans endure. If this happens, the dog may be in dangerous health territory, and she should be checked out by a professional.
  2. If the dog collapses or seems lethargic, it is time to call the vet
  3. If you know the dog ate a foreign object or something that could be poisonous, make that call. 
  4. Unusually pale gums are an indicator of illness that should be treated.
  5. A distended abdomen, racing heart rate or inability to hold water down for 12 hours or more are all trouble signs.
  6. If the puppy is vomiting over 6 times per day, do not delay further.
  7. If your dog has anxious or abnormal behavior, that may also be a sign of physical distress that merits a vet visit.

We recommend that you never ignore your gut instincts regarding what your dog may have gotten into or what might happen to them. You never should assume that a puppy throwing up is not a big deal when it might be just that. Puppies get into many things, and yours may have eaten something very troublesome. We want to help you avoid danger and sickness for your puppy in every way possible.

Conclusion

Remember that if your puppy is having a generally hard time or seems lethargic, it is probably time to see a veterinarian. A vet will provide the quality care and diagnostics that the puppy needs to regain strength and health. You certainly do not want to let the puppy’s condition get any worse if it is becoming serious, as this can ultimately lead to more serious complications or even death.

It is important to always assess the puppy carefully after first noticing a vomiting issue. This might be something worth seeing a vet for, but sometimes the situation is far less severe than you first think it is.

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